Wednesday, March 16, 2011

HISTORICAL FIGURES :Lalla Fatma N'Soumer: A heroine Amazigh

 Lalla Fatma N'Soumer

  The Fatma went N'Soumer, heroin Of The Djurdjura Was Born in a village near Ain El Hammam in 1830, the Year When The Occupied French Algeria. Her real name was Fatma Sid Ahmed. Her real name WAS Fatma Sid Ahmed. The nickname, N'Soumer, was given to her because of her piety and strength and because she lived in the village of Soumer. The nickname, N'Soumer, WAS Given To Her Because Of Her piety and strength and Because She Lived in the Village of Soumer.
Fatma's father was the head of the Qur'anic School, which was linked with the Zawyia Rahmaniya of Sidi Mohamed Ibn Abderrahmane Abu Qabrein. Fatma's father Was The Head of the Qur'anic School, Which WAS Linked With The Zawyia Rahmaniya of Sidi Mohamed Ibn Abderrahmane Abu Qabrein. At a young age, Fatma memorized the Qur'an, simply by listening to her father's disciples when they chanted the various surats (chapters). At a young age, Fatma Memorized the Qur'an, Simply by listening to Her Father's disciples When They chanted The Various surat (chapters). Those close to her described her as having a stupendous memory and being greatly gifted. Those close to Her Her Described as Having a stupendous memory and Being Greatly gifted.
After her father's death, Fatma directed the Qur'anic school with her brother, Si Mohand Tayeb. After Her Father's Death, directed Fatma The Qur'anic School With Her brother, Si Mohand Tayeb. She took special care of the children and the poor. She Took special care of the Children and the Poor. In addition to her great piety, her notable wisdom, and piercing intelligence, she had an excellent reputation throughout the region of Kabylia. In addition to great piety Her, Her notable wisdom, and piercing intelligence she Had an excellent reputation Throughout The region of Kabylia. Fatma N'Soumer was only sixteen years old when French soldiers occupied Kabylia. Fatma N'Soumer Was Only sixteen years old When French soldiers Occupied Kabylia.
The region was taken like the country's other regions, not without violent fighting. The area taken WAS like The Country's Other regions, Not Without violent fighting. But the insurrection led by Lalla Fatma N'Soumer remains one of the most important because of this lady fighter's bravery and nobility. But The insurgency led by Lalla Fatma N'Soumer Remains One Of The Most Important Because of this lady fighter's bravery and Nobility. The enemy referred to her as the Joan of Ark of the Djurdjura, a comparison that the religious Fatma N'Soumer did not accept. The enemy Referred To Her As The Joan of Ark Of The Djurdjura a comparison thats the Religious Fatma N'Soumer Did Not accepted. Armed with an unshakable faith, she threw herself in bloody battles to push back the enemy. Armed with unshakable faith year, she Threw herself in bloody battles to push back The Enemy.
In Oued Sebaou, in 1854, when Fatma was 24 years old, she gave the French army (several times her superior in number and supplies) a lesson in courage and determination. In Wadi Sebaou, in 1854, When Fatma WAS 24 years old, She Gave The French army (several times superior in number and Her supplies) a lesson in courage and determination. During this famous battle, led by Mohamed El Amdjed Ibn Abdelmalek (nicknamed Boubaghla), who almost gave the French troops the advantage, Fatma, heading an army of men and women, took control and led her people to victory, a victory that was heralded throughout Kabylia. Düring this famous battle, led by Mohamed Ibn Abdelmalek Amdjed (nicknamed Boubaghla) Who Almost Gave The French Troops The Advantage, Fatma, heading an Army of Men and Women, and Took Control Led Her People to Victory, a Victory That Was heralded THROUGHOUT Kabylia. The mosques, zawiyas, and Qur'anic schools burst into chants of praise in honor of the heroine of the Djurdjura. The mosques, zawiyas, and Qur'anic schools burst into songs of praise in Honor of The Heroine Of The Djurdjura.
General Randon, who did not accept this defeat, asked the inhabitants of Azazga to help him reach Fatma N'Soumer's quarters and to end "her legend and misdeeds." General Randon, Who did not accept this defeat, The Inhabitants of Azazga Asked to help reach HIM N'Soumer Fatma's quarters and to end "her legend and Misdeed." The response to his emissary was to "Go to the one who sent you, and tell him our ears cannot hear the language of he who asks us to betray." The historical response to WAS emissary to "Go to the One Who Sent You, and Tell Him o ears cannot hear The Language of He Who Asks to betray us." The reaction of the general in turn was that "as long as they remain deaf to our appeals, I will make them hear the sound of our cannons." The reaction of the General in turn That WAS "As Long As They Remain deaf to o Appeals, I Will Make Them Hear The Sound Of Our cannons."
Fatma N'Soumer did not give up. Fatma N'Soumer did "not give up. Even after the fall of Azazga and the ferocious repression by Randon's troops, she mobilized the population and led more battles. Even after The Fall of Azazga & the ferocious repression by Randon's Troop, and The Population Mobilized she led more battles. She called her people to "fight for Islam, the land, and liberty. They are our constant, and they are sacred. They can neither be the object of concessions nor haggling." She Called Her People to "fight for Islam, the Land, and Liberty. They Are o constant, and They Are Sacred. Theys Cdn Neither Be The object of normal haggling concessions." Her strong personality had a strong influence on all of Kabylia, shown by the sacrifice and determination of the people during all the battles, especially those of Icherridene and Tachkrit, where the enemy troops were greatly defeated. Her strong personality Had a strong influence is all of Kabylia, Shown By The sacrifice and determination of the People All the battles Düring, Especially Those of Icherridene and Tachkrit, Where the Enemy Troops Were Defeated Greatly. The latter took place on July 18, 1854, and resulted in a heavy toll for the enemy: 800 dead of which 56 were officers and 371 injured. The Latter Took place on July 18, 1854, and resulted in a heavy toll for The Enemy: 800 dead Which of 56 officers and 371 Were Injured.
Randon finally asked for a cease-fire, which was accepted by Fatma N'Soumer, a political and military strategic decision. Randon finally Asked for a Cease-fire, Which WAS Accepted by Fatma N'Soumer, A Political and Military Strategic Decisions. She planned to use the period of the cease-fire to improve her organization and reinforce her troops. She Planned to Use The Period Of The Cease-fire to Improve Her organization and Her Troops Reinforce. The fields were plowed and sowed, and arms factories were installed in all corners of the region. The plowed fields and SOWEDA Were, and Were arms factories installed in all corners of The Region. However, this cease fire, like other signed cease fires and treaties, like those with Emir Abdelkader, was not respected by the French. However, this Cease Fire, Like Others Signed Cease fires and Treaties, like Those With Emir Abdelkader, Was Not By The French RespectED. After three years, in 1857, they broke their word after having prepared their armies and launched offensives against several large cities which where, until then, difficult to overtake. After Three Years, in 1857, THEY HAVING after word broke Their Prepared Their armies and offensive Launched Against Which SEVERAL large cities WHERE Until Then, difficult to overtake.
Fatma N'Soumer, whose influence motivated the fighters for freedom, appealed to the people for a last and supreme effort. Fatma N'Soumer, Whose influence for freedom fighters The motivated, decision being to the People for a last and supreme effort. It was a matter of occupying three strategically important positions. It Was a Matter of Three Strategically occupying important positions. Surrounded by women of the region, Lalla Fatma directed the fight and encouraged the volunteers who remained. Surrounded by Women of the region, Lalla Fatma directed The Fight and The Volunteers Encouraged Who Remained. The battle was lost, however. The Battle Was Lost, however.
In the same year, Fatma was arrested, imprisoned in the Issers then in Tablat. In the Same year, Fatma WAS Arrested, Imprisoned In The Issers Then in Tablat. The French soldiers spent her fortune, which had been used toward caring for the disciples of her brother's zawiya. The French soldiers Spent Her Fortune, Which HAD Been Used Toward Caring for the followers of Her Brother's Zawiya. Her rich library, which contained a rich source of scientific and religious works from the region, was completely destroyed. Her rich library, Which Contained a rich source of Scientific and Religious Works From The region, WAS Completely Destroyed.
Lalla Fatma N'Soumer died in 1863. Lalla Fatma N'Soumer Died in 1863. The hardship from her incarceration and the frustration from her inability to act against the aggressions and insults to which her people were submitted, affected her so deeply that her health deteriorated. The hardship incarceration From Her From Her frustration And The Inability to Act Against the assaults and Insult To Her celebrity Which Were Submitted, Deeply Affected Her So That Her santé deteriorated. She was only 33 years old. She Was Only 33 years old.